Chiropodist - Cambridge
366 Hespeler Road Unit #12
Cambridge, Ontario N1R 6J6

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Posts for: February, 2015

Ankle sprains

We have all been there- we are walking or running or moving about and it all comes to a halt when we feel that rapid movement and loss of control of the foot. You may fall to the ground or you may be able to recover your balance before falling, but either way, ankle sprains HURT.

What is an ankle sprain?

Some people thing that an ankle sprain inovlves the actaul bones of the ankle. This is not true. In actuality, ankle sprains involve a stretching, partial tear, or complete tear of the ligaments of the ankle. Ligaments are soft tissue structures that serve to limit, or control motion. In the ankle, ligaments serve mostly to control inward and outward movement of the foot (inversion and eversion).  When these ligaments become stretched or undergo some sort of truama, this leads to a sprain.The most common type of sprain is an inversion sprain. inversion sprains affect the ligaments on the outside of the foot. One of the most common descriptions of an inversion sprain is “rolling over on my ankle.” Have any of you experienced that? We are guessing you have!

Certain factors can increase risk for ankle sprains. These include:

1. Sporting activities: Sports where there is lots of side-to-side movement, quick starting and stopping, and jumping,  put the athelete at greater risk for developing a sprain. These sports may include: basketball, tennis, raquetball,  sprinting, and dancing. Here at Achilles we can help with athletic taping to control motion, and can provide advice on how to prevent injury!

2. Genetics: Some genetic conditions can lead to ligamentous laxity- otherwise known as ligaments that do not contorl motion effectively.  One example is Ehrlos-Danlos syndrome. 

3. Underlying biomechanics: Ove- pronators, or those with hypermobile joints are more prone to sprains. Fortunately, biomechanical faults can be addressed with a foot specialist!

If you think you have sprained your ankle, or if you are looking for a biomechanical assessment to prevent this from happening, give us a call at 519-624-4122!

Happy Friday!




Your Callouses Tell a Story!

One of the most common reasons we see patients on a regular basis is to reduce their hyperkeratosis- which is just a fancy word for callous. While most people have calluses on their feet and/or toes, sometimes these calluses become painful, which is where we can intervene and help to manage these pesky areas. What you may not know, though, is that the location and distribution of the callouses on your feet tell us a story- and indicate whether something more may be going on with your feet.  Here are some common examples of callous patterns and what they could indicate:

Callous on the outside of the big toe

When we see callous in this area, we often immediately start to think of a condition called functional hallux limitus, or FHL. FHL is a limitation to the range of motion of the big toe, and can cause painful callous to develop along the border of the big toe. FHL is not serious but can progress to a more rigid deformity. Therefore, it should be managed as early as possible through padding, strapping and use of orthotics.

Callous on the outer border of the foot

When we see callous forming on the outside border of the foot, more often than not, the patient has something called pes cavus feet. This means that the arch of the foot is higher than what is considered normal. While it is generally not a serious condition, it can be caused by a more serious underlying pathology such as Charcot Marie Tooth Disease or Spina Bifida.  Orthotics and cushioning can help managed this condition.

Callous Inner heel

Often callous on the inner heel of the feet can indicate a variety of things but amongst the most common is that of a pes planus foot type. Essentially this means that the patient has a lower than normal arch, and this can lead to other painful conditions such as plantar fasciitis or posterior tibial tendon dysfunction. Orthotic therapy is a good way to mange pes planus feet.

While reducing callous can provide short term relief, the best method to ensure that yourcallouses do not return is determining their cause.  If you would like to learn more about the story behind your painful callouses, give us a call at 519-624-4122!

Happy Monday!


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366 Hespeler Road
Cambridge, Ontario N1R 6J6

Chiropodist - Cambridge, Douglas C. Broad, D.Ch, 366 Hespeler Road, Cambridge Ontario, N1R 6J6 519-624-4122